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17. Prophet Daud (AS)

Daud (also spelled as  Dawood, Dawud) was an appointed Prophet of Allah to the Israelites. He was also their king full of strenght and wisdom. He was blessed with the book Zabur (Psalms).

[38:26] O Dawud! We did indeed make thee a vicegerent on earth: so judge thou between men in Truth (and justice): nor follow thou the lusts (of thy heart), for they will mislead thee from the Path of Allah: for those who wander astray from the Path of Allah, is a Penalty Grievous, for that they forget the Day of Account.

[38:20] We strengthened his kingdom, and gave him wisdom and sound judgment in speech and decision.

[4:163] We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Nuh and the Messengers after him: We sent inspiration to Ibrahim, Isma'il, Ishaq, Ya'qub, and the Tribes, to 'Isa, Ayyub, Yunus, Harun, and Sulaiman, and to Dawud We gave the Zabur (Psalms)

The best fast and Salat (Prayer) was of Dawud

'Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-As narrated: "Allah's Apostle said to me: The most beloved fasting to Allah was the fasting of (the Prophet) Dawud , who used to fast alternate days. And the most beloved prayer to Allah was the prayer of Dawud, who used to sleep for (the first) half of the night and pray for one third of it and (again) sleep for a sixth of it."

Dawud kills Jalut (David & Goliath)


Dawud was accompanying the army of Talut (Saul) while they were about to be engaged in a war with the enemy. Prior to starting the battle Jalut (Goliath) a powerfull man amongst the enemies invited anyone from the army of Talut (Saul) for a one to one combat. Dawud, though very young and inexperienced, accepted the proposal and fought.

As soon as Jalut (Goliath) was killed by Dawud, the enemy lost hope and started fleeing. Thus Talut(Saul's) army won and Dawud became a hero.

[2:249] When Talut set forth with the armies, he said: "Allah will test you at the stream; if any drinks of its water, he goes not with my army; only those who taste not of it go with me; a mere sip out of the hand is excused." But they all drank of it, except a few. With they crossed the river, he and the faithful ones with him, they said: "This day we cannot cope with Jalut and his forces." But those who were convinced that they must meet Allah, said: "How oft, by Allah's will, hath a small force vanquished a big one? Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere."

[2:250] When they advanced to meet Jalut (Goliath) and his forces, they prayed: "Our Lord! Pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm: help us against those that reject faith."

[2:251] By Allah's will they routed them: and Dawud slew Jalut: and Allah gave him Power and Wisdom and taught him whatever (else) He willed. And did not Allah check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief:but Allah is full of bounty to all the worlds.

Dawud recites the Zabur with a beautiful voice

[34:10] We bestowed Grace aforetime on Dawud from Ourselves: "O ye Mountains! sing ye back the Praises of Allah with him! and ye birds (also)!

[38:18] It was We that made the hills declare, in unison with him, Our Praises, at eventide and at break of day,

[38:19] And the birds gathered (in assemblies): all with him did turn (to Allah).

The birds also used to glorify Allah's praises with him. If a bird flew by him and heard him chanting the Zabur, it would not go away; instead it would stay hovering in the air, glorifying Allah along with him. And the lofty mountains would respond to him and echo his glorification of Allah. (Ibn Kathir)

Dawud set the tradition of making coats & mail (Protective Armor)

[21:80] It was We Who taught him the making of coats of mail for your benefit, to guard you from each other's violence: will ye then be grateful?

Iron is made soft & flexible for Dawud

[34:10] ..and We made the iron soft for him.

[34:11] (Commanding), "Make thou coats of mail, balancing well the rings of chain armour, and work ye righteousness; for be sure I see (clearly) all that ye do."

He did not need to heat it in the fire or beat it with a hammer he could simply twist it in his hands, like a thread ( Ibn Kathir)

The Two Disputants

[38:21] Has the story of the Disputants reached thee? Behold, they climbed over the wall of the private chamber;

[38:22] When they entered the presence of Dawud, and he was terrified of them, they said: "Fear not: we are two disputants,one of whom has wronged the other: decide now between us with Truth, and treat us not with injustice, but guide us to the even Path.

[38:23] "This man is my brother: he has nine and ninety sheep, and I have (but) one: yet he says, `Commit her to my care,' and is (moreover) harsh to me in speech."

[38:24] (Dawud) said: "He has undoubtedly wronged thee in demanding thy (single) sheep to be added to his (flock of) sheep; truly many are the Partners (in business) who wrong each other: not so do those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and how few are they?...

Dawud realized that these two were sent to him to teach him a lesson. He should not have passed a judgment without hearing from the opposing party. Upon this Dawud immediately repented and the Most Mercifull Allah forgave his lapse.

[38:24] ...And Dawud gathered that We had tried him: he asked Forgiveness of his Lord, fell down, bowing (in prostration),and turned (to Allah in repentance).

[38:25] So We forgave him this (lapse): he enjoyed, indeed, a Near Approach to Us, and a beautiful Place of (final) Return.